Home   >   Departments   >   Sheet Music   >   Strings   >   Double Bass & Piano   >   Canzonetta


Canzonetta

Cover photograph
See larger image
Price £8.75

75 publications in this series

The Heritage Series series

The history of the double bass features many player-composers who created a wealth of music for bassists of all abilities. Recital Music publish a wide and eclectic range of music by these important figures from the history of the instrument, particularly from the 19th and early 20th-centuries, and more works are in preparation. Some names are well known today, others almost forgotten, but each made a valuable contribution to the repertoire of the double bass and helped create a unqiue repertoire which deserves to be performed.

Canzonetta was first published in 1936 by Edition Sádlo in Prague and is originally for violin and piano, also available for viola or cello and piano. Typical of much salon music of the early 20th-century, Canzonetta is lyrical and engaging, with a contrasting middle section which adds a touch of drama and energy to the proceedings, with a supportive accompaniment which ads colour and atmosphere to the piece.

The version for double bass was championed by František Pošta (1919-1991), who performed and recorded it, and the lyrical melodies contrast the dramatic and powerful drones in the middle section, ending in the highest register of the double bass. Lasting around three minutes, Canzonetta would be ideal for any audience or occasion and demonstrates the sonorous and cantabile qualities of the double bass.

This edition includes piano accompaniments for both solo and orchestral tunings.

The name of Vojta Kuchynka would have long ago been consigned to the history books without the advocacy and promotion of his music by the great František Pošta (1919-1991). He recorded Canzonetta and Desire, also performing both works in many national and international recitals, and every two years played a recital of Kuchynka's music, amongst other Czech repertoire, in Kuchynka's home town of Nové Strašecí. Kuchynka is part of the rich heritage of Czech double bassists who performed as soloists and composed many works for the double bass but, on the whole is almost forgotten today and unjustly so.

Vojtěch (Vojta) Kuchynka was born in the Czech town of Nové Strašecí on 7 May 1871. He studied double bass at the Prague Conservatoire with Vendelin Sladek (1851-1901) from 1885-91, and composition with Antonín Dvořák from 1891-93. He was accepted into Professor Sladek's class at the age of fourteen and, on his teacher's advice, remained as a student for an extra year to extend his concert and solo repertoire. In 1895 he was appointed 1st Double Bass and Soloist in the Orchestra of the Czechoslovak Folk Art Exhibition Orchestra, conducted by Karel Kovařovic (1862-1920), with whom he gave four performances of his own Elegy. At this time he also conducted a number of choirs in the Czech capital including Obchodnická Beseda and Halek choirs, and for a short time was the piano teacher of the family of Count Fürstenberg. Between 1899 and 1933 Kuchynka played in the National Theatre Orchestra in Prague, becoming Principal Bass after the death of Jan Komers, and from time to time worked with the famous Czech Quartet.

Vojta Kuchynka gave solo recitals until the day of his retirement when he celebrated his 600th recital, and was known as 'the Kubelík of the Double Bass', after the leading Czech violinist of the day Jan Kubelík (1880-1940). He was praised for his perfect technique, impressive harmonic work, interpretation and tasteful transcriptions of classical works. Most of his recitals were in Bohemia or Moravia and one concert in Prague, reviewed in The Strad by Miss Windust, stated "Alongside the brilliant performances of František Ondříček and Karel Hoffmann it was the admirable virtuosity of Vojta Kuchynka that made the deepest impression on me." He made the first Czech double bass recording for Parlophon, and Prague Radio broadcast recitals of his music to celebrate his 65th and 70th birthdays.

Vojta's younger brother František (1879-1971) was also a double bassist, initially taught by his brother, before also studying at the Prague Conservatoire with Vendelin Sladek. He played alongside Vojta at the 1st desk of the National Theatre Orchestra in Prague and Karel Kovařovic, the conductor, nicknamed them 'Chrudos and Stahlav', famous quarrellers in an old Bohemian legend and both characters were included in Smetana's opera Libuše, which was often performed at the National Theatre. In 1906 František emigrated to America changing his name to Frank, and subsequently became 1st Bass of the New York Symphony Orchestra, Principal Bass of the Minneapolis Symphony, a member of the San Francisco Symphony and ultimately a member of the MGM studio orchestra in Hollywood. On his 90th birthday Frank Kuchynka received a letter of congratulation as a 'bass viol virtuoso' from President Richard Nixon.

Both brothers were successful musicians in their own right, Vojta in his native Czech Republic and Frank in America. Vojta Kuchynka died on 1 August 1942 in Tábor, Czech Republic and in 1971, on the centenary of his birth and at the instigation of the Czech virtuoso František Pošta, a memorial plaque was unveiled at his birthplace in Nové Strašecí. As a composer Kuchynka wrote more than 140 works, from chamber and orchestral music to songs, choruses and much chamber music. His works for double bass display the technical possibilities of the solo double bass, alongside the emotional and lyrical potential, and the influence of Dvořák and Czech folk music is evident in most of his music.

"...somewhat more challenging technically than Canzonetta, Desire is also based on a simple, lyric melody. There are a few trills and moving semiquaver arpeggios, but nothing that a little practice couldn't take care of. The folk character and catchy tunes make practising these pieces a joy." (ISB)

Samples available

Adobe PDF File

Get Adobe Reader

Cat No. RM001
Price £8.75
ComposerVojta Kuchynka
CategoryDouble Bass & Piano
PublisherRecital Music
SeriesHeritage Series
Difficulty level8
ISMN 979-0-57045-001-5
EAN-13 9790570450015
Weight 60 grams
Published 21st October 2008
Availability 2 in stock
See also...
RM002  Desire (Touha)
RM004  Humoreska a la Mazurka / Czech Polka (DOUBLE BASS SOLO)
RM006  Chant d'Amour
RM011  Concert Waltz Op.28
RM018  The Ragtime Bass Player
RM021  Three Pieces for Double Bass and Piano
RM025  Canzonetta (DOUBLE BASS AND STRING ORCHESTRA)
RM026  Canzonetta (DOUBLE BASS AND STRING ORCHESTRA)
RM118  Reverie